Last post I looked at the way many adjectives can be closely mapped to corresponding adverbs, focusing on those which resulted in an adverb ending in -e.
In this post, I’ll cover the other category; those that result in an adverb ending in -o. As last time, I’ll quote examples of masculine adjective endings, but of course the same patterns apply for feminine and neuter versions.
Adverbs to end in -o
I’ll quote the full list of adjective endings which typically map to a adverb with -o, but effectively, it seems to be everything which isn’t in the list on the previous page for -e.
Soft endings: -ni, -pi, -wi, -si, -cy, -czy, -ży, -chy, -szy
The perennial special cases : -gi, -ki
And finally : -owy
As far as I can tell, there is only one common special change, where it’s not simply i to o, or y to o.
|Adjective ending||Adverb ending|
Some common examples
There is a special rule for colours, which also map to an adverb ending with -o. The preposition ‘na‘ is added to a colour in order for it to make sense as an adverb,
|biały||na biało||in white|
|czerwony||na czerwono||in red|
|niebieski||na niebiesko||in blue|
|ciemny||na ciemno||in a dark colour|
|jasny||na jasno||in a bright colour|