There are 3 common words you’ll see when talking about years.

* Rok *– One year

**Lat ****/*** Lata* – Years

*(plural)*

As with other numbers, there’s a special rule for when to use Lat and when to use Lata, which is connected to the Genitive (* Dopełniacz*) case, which I’ll explain in a moment. First though I’d like to point out where the word comes from, because once you know, you’ll remember it forever and that’s another free word in your memory!

The word for * Summer* in Polish, is

*.*

**Lato****So when you’re counting in years, you’re actually counting in summers.**

* Lato *is a neuter noun and since we’re dealing with counting, we’re going to be converting it to either :

Lat |
Genitive plural () for numbers greater than 5Dopełniacz |

Lata |
Nominative plural () for numbers ending in 2, 3, 4 (but not 12, 13, 14)Mianownik |

### Some examples

Masz 1 rok : You are 1 year old

Masz 2 lata : You are 2 years old

Masz 3 lata : You are 3 years old

Masz 4 lata : You are 4 years old

Masz 5 lat : You are 5 years old

Masz 12 lat : You are 12 years old

Masz 22 lata : You are 22 years old

Masz 25 lat : You are 25 years old

Or perhaps it would be easier to remember in this format :

1 | rok |

2, 3, 4 |
lata |

5 – 21 | lat |

22, 23, 24 |
lata |

25 – 31 | lat |

32, 33, 34 |
lata |

x5 – x1 |
lat |

x2, x3, x4 |
lata |